Jodhpur Tour India
- History of Jodhpur
- Climate of Jodhpur
- Tourist Attractions
- Eating in Jodhpur
- Shopping in Jodhpur
- Hotels in Jodhpur
The desert kingdom of Jodhpur or Marwar as it was earlier known in the pre Independence Day is the largest district of Rajasthan. Established in the 15th century by the brave Rathore King, Rao Jodha, Jodhpur set on the eastern fringes of Rajasthan, lies on the very edge of the Thar Desert and is the last link between the semi arid land and the harsh inhospitable desert. According to legends, the area of Marwar was once a sea called Drumkulya, it became a desert when one the fire bound arrow of Lord Rama burnt a large part of the sea and converted it into a desert. Since then, the area is known as Maru Mandal, Marudhar, Maruwar, Maru Desh and Marwar.
The people of Marwar, however, didn't let the inhospitable terrain of the region dampen their spirit. Situated on the strategic Delhi-Gujarat trading route as also on the famous ancient silk trade route that connected India to different parts of Central Asia , the desert city of Jodhpur benefited a lot from its trade in opium, copper, silk sandalwood, dates and coffee and boosted an economy that was often scarred by military conquests. Home to astute businessmen, Marwar quickly made a name for itself in the realm of trade and became one of the most prosperous cities of Rajasthan. The prosperity of the region can best be envisaged in the region’s exquisite palaces, forts, temples and havelis, which stand testimony to their hard work, artistic craftsmanship and imperial grandeur.
Moreover, the very fact that even today, the desert city of Jodhpur is still renowned the world over for its wooden Handicrafts & Antiques, bandhini, bandhej and lahariya fabrics, gold and silver jewelry, pottery, metalwork, marble figures, paintings, puppets, textiles, antique reproductions and furniture is also a further testament to the business acumen of the Marwaris.
The astuteness and shrewdness of the Marwaris has held them in good steed over the years. Infact, such has been the contribution of Marwaris to trade, that the term "Marwari" has now become an integral part and parcel of the daily lexicon, with the term being used to describe any person who displays a strong business acumen. Today, some of the leading business houses of India like the Birlas, Goenkas, Oswals etc come from Marwar.
Marwar, also known as the Land of Dead is home to the Rathore Rajputs, who trace their origins to Rama, the hero of the epic Ramayana, and thence to the sun. Though totally inhospitable due to its proximity to the Thar Desert, Maruthal or the 'land of death’, became the much beloved home of the Rathore Rajputs when Kannuj, their erstwhile capital for seven centuries, fell to the Afghan invaders led by Muhammad Ghori in 1193. The then ruler Jai Chand died while fleeing and an expedient marriage alliance between his son Siyaji and the sister of a local prince enabled the Rathors to consolidate themselves around the wealthy trading centre of Pali, located south of Jodhpur. The Rathore fortunes gradually changed and they soon became a force to be reckoned with, when in 1381 Rao Chandafounded the Rathore kingdom at Mandore by defeating the Pratiharas.
Mandore continued to be the seat of Rathore power till about 1459, when Rao Jodha decided to shift base to a much safer spot. The new place they moved to, was situated 6 miles south of Mandore on a mountain called Chidiyanath ki Tonk and offered more security with its natural fortifications and a formidable fortress (Mehrangarh). Jodha named the place after him - Jodhpur and the city, also known as Jodhana or Jodhaji Ki Dhani continued as the capital of the Marwar state for about five centuries.
Jodhpur's first contact with the Mughals took place during the reign of Rao Ganga Singh (1516-32) when he allied himself alongside the army of the great warrior king of Mewar, Rana Sanga, against the first Mughal emperor, Babur. However, peace was restored when Akbar, the grandson of Babur entered into a matrimonial alliance with the rulers of Jodhpur and married Jodha Bai- the sister of Maharaja Udai Singh. A period of peace prevailed and the kingdom of Jodhpur flourished a great deal with the support of the Mughals. It become an important center of art and culture and in the 17th century it became a flourishing centre of trade for the camel caravans moving from Central Asia to the parts of Gujarat and vice versa. This alliance continued till 1657, when Maharaja Jaswant Singh (1638-78) backed the wrong prince in the great war of succession to the Mughal throne. The victorious Aurangzeb then tried to capture Jodhpur only to meet with resistance from the valiant Rathores. This tug of war between the Rathores and the Mughals continued till the death of Aurangzeb (1707) when Ajit Singh returned to Jodhpur after his exile and recaptured the Jodhpur throne.
Jodhpur went on to play an active role in the politics of the day and by the end of the 18th century; it has emerged as one of the largest and most powerful of princely states. By the time of Indian independence in 1947, Jodhpur was one of the most progressive kingdoms that merged with the Indian Union. The reason for Jodhpur being one of the most progressive kingdoms of that period was largely due to the efforts of Pratap Singh (the creator of the famous riding breeches -the jodhpurs) who laid the foundation of modern Jodhpur, over which Umaid Singh who ruled from 1918-47 later built upon.
On 10th May 1933, Marwar was officially renamed as Jodhpur state.
Situated at the height between 250-300 meters above sea level, Jodhpur, with a geographical area of 22850 sq. Kms is the largest district of Rajasthan. Centrally located in Western region of the State and bordering the mighty Thar Desert, the area is characterized by extreme heat in summer and extreme cold winter. The temperature varies from 49 degree in summer to 9.5 degree in winter. The rainy days are limited to maximum 15 in a year with the average rainfall hovering around 302 mm. Sandstorms are normal.
Facts and Figures about Jodhpur :
- Population : 28.81 lacs as per 2001 census.
- Altitude : 230 meters
- Languages : Rajasthani, Hindi and English
- Best time to visit : October to March
- STD code : 0291
How to reach Jodhpur :
The desert city of Jodhpur is located within easy distances of the all the major towns of North India. It is 340 km from Jaipur- the Pink city; 208 km from the pilgrimage town of Ajmer -e-Sharif; 304 km from the hill station of Mt. Abu; 275 km from the Lake city of Udaipur, 260 km and 285 km from Bikaner and Jaisalmer; 575 km from Agra and 602 km from Delhi. The city is also well connected toother major parts of the country and is easily accessible by air, road and rail.
- By Air : Regular flights connect Jodhpur with all the other major cities of the country. The airport is 5 km from downtown. Taxis or auto-rick-shaws are available and travel charges from the airport to the railway station vary between Rs. 100 - 120.
- By Rail : Jodhpur is on the Western Railway's broad-gauge network and is linked to various centers in the region by both express and passenger trains. The Railway Station is located in the heart of town.
- By Road : Jodhpur is well connected by road to all major towns of India. A network of good motor able roads, private and government buses connect Jodhpur to the nearby towns and cities. Various State Road Transport corporations also run buses to and fro Jodhpur. The bus stand is near the Rai-Ka-Bagh Railway Station. Reservations for the State Roadways buses can be done at the Tourist Reception Centre, near High Court.
Jaswant Thada : Jaswant Thada is a classic example of the famed Rajputana style of architecture. Built entirely of white marble in 1899 in the memory of Maharaja Jaswant Singh II who succumbed to injuries in this very place while fighting the Mughal king Jahangir, the cenotaph (dewal) is a wonderful sight to behold with its elegant beauty and picture perfect settings. The main cenotaph is really impressive with its intricately carved façade, ornamented sculptures, friezes, domes and pillars. The latticework is yet another attraction of this wonderful monument.Once a traditional cremation ground of the rulers of Jodhpur, the complex also has a separate section of cenotaphs dedicated to the queens and concubines who committed sati on the pyre of Jaswant Singh. Within the main cenotaph are some of the rare portraits of various Jodhpur rulers.
Mahamandir Temple : Located at a distance of 9 km from the main center of Jodhpur, the Mahamandir temple is one of the most ancient and sacred shrines of Rajasthan. Built in 1812 A.D., the temple is an architectural wonder. Supported by 84 pillars and ornamented with detailed designs and figures depicting various Yoga postures, its architecture and cutwork on the stone are truly amazing.
Girdikot and Sardar Market : One of oldest market of Jodhpur, these colorful markets with around 7000 tiny shops, dotting the narrow lanes are situated in the heart of the city. Popular for a wide range of handicrafts, the markets are a favorite haunt of shoppers. A unique feature of the Sadar Market is its ‘haat’ , which is still kept alive even after all these centuries.
Kailana Lake : Located on the Jaisalmer road, the beautiful lake of Kailana lake makes an ideal picnic spot with its fabulous sunsets and rare tranquility and peacefulness.
Umaid Bhawan : A majestic palace build in the 20th century as part of the Famine Relief-Employment Generation programme, the Umaid Bhawan Palace built by the then Maharaja Umaid Singh is truly a magnificent piece of architecture. Made entirely of marble and pink sandstone, it took fifteen years and about one crore rupees to build. Designed by Henry V. Lanchester, the Umaid Bhawan Palace is built on top of the rocky Chittar Hill. The beauty of this building lies in the fact that it does not use any mortar or cement to bind stones together, all pieces are carved stones joined together by interlocking. Three thousand men and women are said to have worked on the building. They used marble from Makrana and pink-tinged, cream-colored stone that were brought by a special train from quarries located ten miles away.
Set in twenty-six acres, of which fifteen acres are devoted to gardens, the palace is a unique blend of eastern and western architectural influences. Its central cupola -about a hundred and five feet high is believed to have been influenced by the Renaissance, while its towers draw inspiration from Rajput architectural tradition. One of the grandest palaces of the world, the Umaid Bhawan Palace has three hundred and forty seven rooms, a Throne Room for private audience, a Durbar Hall for public audience, a banquet hall, an auditorium, a ballroom, a library, an indoor swimming pool, a billiards room, four tennis courts, two marble squash courts, croquet lawns, a marble pavilion, a nursery and garages for about twenty cars.
This opulent edifice in sandstone with beautiful balconies, charming courtyards, terrific terraces, green gardens and royal rooms, all elegantly furnished with antiques is still the residence of the former rulers of Jodhpur though one part is currently functioning as a Heritage hotel and the other as a museum (The Government Umaid Museum) showcasing an amazing array of royal items like weapons, hunting trophies, antiques etc.
Mehrangarh Fort : Situated at an altitude of about 125 metres, the Mehrangarh Fort spread over an area of 5 sq. km in the heart of Jodhpur city was built by Rao Jodha , the 15th Rathore ruler in 1458. Located on top of a steep hill, Mehrangarh with 17 feet thick and 68 feet high walls is one of Rajasthan's finest forts that looks down protectively over the city. A living testimony of the military might of the Rathore Rajputs, the Mehrangarh Fort represents a magnificent blend of different reigns and ages, styles and influences .The fort has seven gates of which the noted ones are the Jayapol, built by Maharaja Man Singh in 1806 following his victory over the armies Jaipur and Bikaner; Fatehpol or the Victory Gate built by Maharaja Ajit Singh to commemorate his victory over the Mughals; and the Lohapol or the Iron Gate. The Mehrangarh Fort encloses many palaces, which are known for their intricate carvings and sprawling courtyards. Moti Mahal or the Pearl Palace, built by Raja Sur Singh (1595-1619) has a delicately carved stone screen and treasures the Sringar Chowki, royal throne of Jodhpur.
The Mahal has five alcoves leading onto hidden balconies, where it is believed the five queens of Raja Sur Singh listened tothe court proceedings. The Sheesh Mahal has beautiful mirror work that large, regular pieces, rather than an intricate mosaic of tiny fragments, while the Phool Mahal built by Maharaja Abhaya Singh (1724-1749) houses the Jodhpur Coat of Arms and has walls covered with paintings depicting various musical moods. The Umaid Villas showcases rare Rajput miniature paintings; the Ajit Vilas exhibits musical instruments and the royal costumes while the Maan Vilas displays the Rathore armory and the 'Tent room'.
The Temple of Chamunda Mataji : The Temple of Chamunda Mataji was built by Rao Jodha, who bought the idol from his old capital of Mandore in 1460 and installed her in Mehrangarh. Till today, she remains the Royal Family's Isht Devi or adopted goddess and is worshipped by most of Jodhpur's citizens as well.
Mehrangarh Fort Museum : A treasure trove of Marwar-Jodhpur cultural heritage, the Mehrangarh museum houses a rich repository of the region's artistic and cultural history. An excellent museum that exhibits rare and interesting artifacts, textiles, manuscripts, headgears, painting and transport items, the Mehrangarh museum also has a gallery that is devoted specifically to Palanquins and Elephant Howdah.. While a silver howdah presented to Maharaja Jaswant Singh of Jodhpur by the Mughal Emperor Shahjahan takes the center stage at the Elephant Howdah Gallery; the Palanquin gallery displays one of the richest collections of palanquins in Rajasthan. The gallery showcases palanquins that were used by both men and women alike- open palanquins for men and closed ones for women. The Pinjas palanquin and the Rajat khasa- a beautiful lotus shaped royal silver palanquin used by the maharajas are totally awe-inspiring.
The cradle section housed in the Jhanki Mahal display a rare collection of royal cradles which were decorated with gilt mirrors and figures of fairies, elephant and birds while the as also the armory section exhibit a repository of armor from every period. On display are sword hilts in jade, silver, rhino horn, and ivory, shields studded with rubies, emeralds and pearls, guns with gold and silver work on barrels. The gallery also has on display personal swords of many an emperor, among them are outstanding historical piece like the Khanda (sword) of Rao Jodha, weighing over 7 pounds, the sword of Akbar the Great and the sword of Timur the Lame. However, the most popular section of the museum is the Turban gallery where many different types of turbans each specific to a particular community, region and festival are preserved. Other notable section of the Mehrangarh museum are the Painting gallery displaying some of the finest Marwar miniature paintings and the Folk musical instruments section which preserve the lesser known and less popular musical instruments.
Mandore : Once the capital of the Rathores, which went under the name of Mandavyapur the historic city of Mandore now lies in ruins. The birth place of Mandodri, the princess who was married the demon king Ravana, an important character of the great Indian Epic- The Ramayana, Mandore was the capital of the Marwar area from the 6 th to the 14 th century before Rao Jodha shifted base to Jodhpur. Given as a wedding gift to a Rathore prince when he married a Pratihara princess, Mandore has many beautiful cenotaphs ("dewals”) built of dark-red sandstone that belonged to the Jodhpur rulers. Notable amongst the cenotaphs are the ones belonging to Maharaja Ajit Singh.
Raised in 1725, the cenotaph of Maharaja Ajit Singh built as it is of close-grained freestone is elaborately carved and of impressive proportions. One of the largest and grandest of the all the cenotaphs founded in the region, it is said that around eighty four ladies; queens, concubines, maids and even musicians immolated themselves on Ajit's pyre. It’s revered “Hall of Heroes” houses sixteen larger than life statues of deities and folk heroes, including one of Lord Rama from whom the Rathores claim descent; and of Pabuji Rathore who died in the defense of a herd of cows in the fourteenth century. These gigantic figures were chiseled out of a single rock Mandore's beautiful gardens built around the royal cenotaphs with high rock terraces further make it a popular picnic spot.
- Ajit Pol : A huge gate that was built to commemorate Ajit Singh's victory over the oghuls in 1707AD.
- Ek Thamba Mahal : TheEk Thamba Mahal was a pleasure palace that was b uilt byRaja Ajit Singh during his reign (1707-24). The palace has a small but picturesque garden and the entrance to the palace via the Ajit Pol.
- Ravan ki Chanvari : A very interesting stone, which has carved panels with an idol of Ganpati or Lord Ganesh. Legend has it that Ravana, the demon-god who carried off Sita, the wife of Lord Rama in the Hindu epic Ramayana got married to a princess from Mandore called Mandodri. The stone panel is a commemoration of the wedding. It also has an image of the sun god Surya. A stepwell nearby has an inscription 742 A.D. which was when it was built by Madh, the son of a Brahmin.
- Panch Kund Mein Chhatri : Located a short distance away from the Mandore gardens, the Panch Kund also contains some cenotaphs of the ruling dynasty which however are not as impressive as the cenotaphs located at Mandore gardens.
Bal samand Lake Palace : Located some 6km from Jodhpur, Balsamand houses a pretty artificial lake that is about 1km in length. Built in the late 19th century, the palace was meant as a weekend retreat for the Maharajas of Jodhpur. A fine amalgamation of Hindu and European styles, the exteriors of the Balsamand Lake Palace has beautiful carvings of Hindu deities while interiors show a strong European influence. The complex also houses a garden and a bird sanctuary, which makes it an ideal picnic spot. In 1996, the Balsamand Palace was converted into a heritage hotel by the Maharaja Gaj Singh II.
Luni Fort / Fort Chanwa: Situated about 35 km from Jodhpur, the Luni fort or the Chanwa Fort as it is more popularly known is a wonderful example of elegance and symmetry in Indian architecture. Built entirely of red sandstone, the fortress captures the romance and grace of the bygone age with its ornately carved lattice work, pavilions, passages, friezes and intricate "Jharokas". The fort provides a panoramic view of the hamlets below and also of the Thar Desert. Once in ruins, the fort has now been restored to its pristine glory and has been converted to a heritage hotel by its proud owners Maharaj Dalip Singh (The youngest son H.H Maharaja Umaid Singhji of Jodhpur) & Rani Madhu Devi.
Khichan : Located some 150 km north of Jodhpur in the northern part of the Thar Desert, Khichan is a small sleepy village famous for its red sandstone havelis and the migratory Demoiselle Cranes who make the village their home during the cold winter season. Every year towards the end of August, just after the monsoon rains have ceased, thousands of Demoiselle Cranes fly in from their breeding grounds on the plains and steppes of Eurasia and Mongolia. Known as 'Kuraj' in the local language, the Demoiselle Crane that has become a part of Marwar's folk culture. Young girls sing to them, “O Kurjan! When you return bring back our lovers..."Other birds which have also made Khichan their home include the Imperial Grouse, the Sand Grouse, the Greater Indian Bustard and the Lesser Indian Bustard.
Merta : Known earlier as Medantak, the town of Merta, located 104 km east of Jodhpur was founded by Duda, one of the many sons of Rao Jodha of Jodhpur in the fifteenth century. A strong bastion of the Mertia Rathores, Merta was once was a great trade centre. Today, it is more popularly known as the home town of Meera Bai- a grand-daughter of Duda, who was great poetess and a celebrated devotee of Lord Krishna. The 400 years Charbhuja temple or the Meera Bai Temple was construted in her honor; the Bhanwal Matta Temple and amassive mosque believed to have been constructed by Emperor Aurangzeb are other places worth seeing.
Sardar Samand Lake & Palace : Located 60-kms south-east of Jodhpur off the Jodhpur-Pali route is the astoundingly scenic Sardar Samand Lake. The tranquil waters of the Sardar Samand Lake attract countless varieties of migratory birds as well as tourists who come to savour peace and quite of the place. The route to the Sardar Samand Lake is totally mesmerizing. Passing through the villages of the Bishnoi community renowned for their abiding concern and practice of environmental conservation, one can spot animals like blackbuck, neelgai and Chinkara grazing in the fields.
Situated on top of a hill, the Sardar Samand Lake Palace named after the current Maharaja Gaj Singh's great grandfather was commissioned by Maharaja Umaid Singh in 1933. Designed by the state architect George Goldstraw, also the resident architecture of Umaid Bhawan Palace of Jodhpur, the palace, built in natural rock, is a fine example of the decorative Art Deco style of the 1930's. Overlooking the Sardar Samand Lake, the palace renowned for its superb art deco affords one of the most breathtaking views of the lake. Originally built as a royal hunting lodge; the palace is now a heritage hotel which still retains its original features and the medieval Indian regal charm.
Osian : Located at the edge of the Thar Desert, 65 kms North West of Jodhpur, the town of Osian boasts of more than 100 Hindu and Jain temples dating back to the medieval age. An important centre of pilgrimage for both Hindus and the Jains between the 8th and 9th centuries, the Osian temples boast of the finest flower motifs in the land. Legend has it that the town, then known as Ukesha or Upkeshapur was founded by Utpaladeva, a Rajput prince of the Pratihara Dynasty. Osian is a famous center of the early medieval art and architecture. The temples here are among the earliest of all the medieval temples of Rajasthan. A group of 11 temples belonging to the 8th and 9th centuries are located within Osian village while another group dating to 11th and 12th century is located on a hill that overlook the village.
The Sun temple is the oldest of the group. Built in 10th century, its doorway is considered as one of the finest temple doorways in India. The carvings of the Sun temple of Osian is often compared with the carvings of the Sun Temple of Konark the Harihara I temple, dating back to 750 A.D., is known for its intricately carved red sandstone edifices. Since the central shrine is surrounded by four others, the Harihara I temple is also known as a 'panchavatan temple'. It stands on a beautifully decorated terrace with thirteen niches built into its sides. The main temple carries some excellent early figural sculptures including the Krishna Leela frieze. The Harihar II temple adjoining Harihara III temple is a somewhat less well-finished copy of Harihara I. However the real masterpeice of Rajasthan temple architecture is the Harihara III temple,built around 800 A.D.One of the finest examples the artisan's architectural strength, the Harihara III temple built a few years after Harihara I temple is known for beautifully decorated walls. The interiors of the temples are also very impressive. There are also a few sculptures showing Lord Krishna and Radha in dancing postures. Other Hindu temples worth seeing for their ancient architectural beauty are the Vishnu temples III, IV and V. A unique feature of the Osian temples is that no two temples look alike and that most of the temples face the west instead of the east as is the norm.
For the Jains, the most important temple is the Mahavir temple. A very beautiful piece of Jain architectural splendor, the temple facing north houses 80 cm. golden-colored idol of Shree Mahavir seated in the 'padmasan' (lotus posture). Dating back to the 8th century, both the main temple and the idols of its principal deities symbolize the development of early Jain architecture. An inscription states that king Utpaldev built this temple and Acharya Ratnapradhasurishvarji installed the idol. Also located within the compound is the idol of Poonia Baba, who, installed in the form of a cobra couple fulfills the wishes of the devotees. The temple of Shree Sachchitaya Mata built in 1234 A.D in dedication to Durga or Mahisasura Mardini has now, become a very important shrine for Jains. This temple is as respected in respect of art, as it is popular in respect of devotion.
Temple of Baba Ramdev At Runecha : Situated midway between the Nagori Gate and the Jalori Gate is the Baba Ramdeo Temple dedicated to saint Ramdev. Worshipped by both Hindus and Muslims, the Baba is one of Marwar's most revered medieval saints. Born into a Rajput family, the Baba preached the equality of all men and women. A huge fair is held every year at the temple in the lunar month of Bhadon, to which thousands of devotees come from all over the country. Pilgrims offer the Baba toy horses in affectionate remembrance of his love for horses, while women dance the famed Teratali- the Dance of the Thirteen Cymbals. A few years ago in the eighties, when a terrible drought ravaged Marwar, it was to Runecha that Maharaja Gaj Singh II of Jodhpur turned to. With his family and nobles in tow, the Maharaja walked the almost 200 km to the temple to pray for rain. The monsoon did not fail that year.
Rankapur : Tucked away in a remote valley of the Aravalis, Rankapur situated 60 km north of Udaipur in Pali district boasts of one of the largest and most important Jain Temples in the country. One of the five sacred pilgrimages of the Jain community, the Ranakpur Temples are perhaps one of the finest examples of medieval Jain architecture, the Dilwara temples notwithstanding.
Built in the 15th century during the reign of the brave Rajput Warrior, Rana Kumbha, the Rankapur temples spread over an area of 48,000 sq. feet took more than 50 years to complete and are probably the most complex and extensive of all Jain temples in India. The main attraction of the place is Chaturmukh (Four faced) Jain Temple dedicated to Jain Ttirthankara Rishavadev famously known as the Ranakpur Jain Temple.
Placed on a lofty plinth with 29 halls and 1,444 pillars- all intricately carved with no two being remotely alike, the Chaturmukh Jain Temple is dedicated to Adinath Carved in amber stone and open on all four sides, the temple has four subsidiary shrines, twenty-four pillared halls and domes supported by over four hundred columns. The temple also has beautiful images of all the 24 Jain Tirthankaras. Four huge white-marble images of the Jain Tirthankara Adinath each 72 inches tall are installed at the four entrances of the temple. An interesting sight is the artistically carved nymphs who are shown playing the flute in various dance postures at a height of 45 feet. In the assembly hall, there are two big bells weighing 108 kg whose sound echoes in the entire complex.
The three other Jain temples in the same complex, including a temple of the Sun God and the temple of Amba Mata located one km from the temple complex are all well worth a visit.
Shopping in Jodhpur can be an exhilarating experience. The desert city of Jodhpur is renowned for its wooden Handicrafts & Antiques. Many European and North American dealers bypass other cities in India and come directly to Jodhpur for most of their shopping. The city, infact, exports a major chunk of its wooden & iron furniture, iron and wooden handicrafts, and antique reproduction to countries all over the world. An antique hunter's paradise, one can find many old artifacts from Jodhpur and Shekhawati region. Old furniture, chests, cabinets, sculptures, doors, windows, carved lintels, old pictures & memorabilia, and rare, first-edition books- you name it and Jodhpur has it.
Besides Handicrafts & Antiques, Jodhpur is also famous for its textiles. One can shop for the city's unique bandhini, bandhej and lahariya (hand-dyed) fabrics as well as block screens and prints in small motifs or in wave-like strips, on cotton, chiffon or silk at the city's renowned Kapra Baazar (Clothes Market). For some choicest tie and dye sarees a visit to Kanda Falsa is recommended. The emporiums in Jodhpur are also a good place to buy products like silver, gold and silver jewelry, pottery, metalwork, marble figures, paintings, copper, brass, and ivory, insignias in white German metal, bed covers, wall hangings, puppets, textiles as well as antique reproductions and furniture. Mathaniya's Red Chilli is renowned for its red chillis which are famous the world over for their distinct red color.
In Jodhpur, there are various markets which are earmarked for particular products. The best shopping areas are located along the main roads of the new city. The central market, or Ghasmandi Bazaar, is also a good place to shop and is hugely popular amongst the tourists. However, the best stuffs are found outside the city walls. Some notable market areas where one can shop with leisure are :
- Sojati Gate - Gifts shops and Tie & Dye Sarees
- Station Road - Leather, Embroidered Shoes and Utensils
- Sardar Market - General Merchandise
- Tripollia Bazar - Local Handicrafts and Textiles
- Mochi Bazar - Embroidered Shoes and Utensiles
- Lakhera Bazar - Lac Work and Bangles.
- High Court Road - Carpets & Durries
- Sarafa Bazaar - Jewelry & Silver
Marwaris are strictly vegetarian and so is their cuisine. Characterized by minimal use of fresh vegetables and strictly devoid of onion and garlic, Marwari Cuisine is a good example of how the best was made of locally available stuff. Rajasthan and especially Marwar being a dry region, the Marwaris use lots of lentils and spices. Extremely spicy and rich with almost everything being doused in ounces of ghee (clarified butter), its no wonder that their food is rich in taste and absolutely mouth-watering.
Jodhpur is also famous for its sweets and the Marwaris are known to have the sweetest tooth in the whole country. Don't be surprised if you find a large crowd at every sweet shop. Its the tradition of Jodhpur to first have some sweet and then start with the other foods. 'Malpua Rabri', Mave ki Kachori’, 'Besan ki Chaaki', 'Maakhan Vade' are some of the most famous sweets of Jodhpur. Forget about the calories for a split second and try them, we are confident that you will want more and that your mouth will go Mmmmmmm!!!!!!!
A few places where you can try your hand at Marwari cuisine are :
Restaurants and Hotels :
- Kalinga Resturant at Hotel Adrash Niwas - Cont. Mughlai, Indian Veg /Non Veg
- Uttam Restaurant - Indian Veg/Non Veg
- Chicken Corner - Tandoori, Non Veg
- Rajasthali - Cont., Chinese, Indian Veg and Local cuisine
- Mansarovar - Local & South Indian
- Mangalam - Veg & South India
- Reggie's Resaurant - Veg/ Non Veg
- On The Rocks at Ajit Bhawan Hotel - Veg/ Non Veg
- Tandoori Nights - Veg/ Non Veg
- Mid Town - India Veg.
- Agarwal lodge - Indian Veg
- Jodhpur Coffee House - South Indian
- Frigo - Fast Food
- Gypsy - Fast Food
Sweet Shops :
- Agra Sweet Home
- Poklar Sweet Home
- Shanicharji Ka Than
- M.I. Restaurant
- Dhakar & Best
- Bari Misrilal H